Feb 23, 2013 - Milk Thistle (Silybum marianum) is wild, edible and nutritious food. Milk thistle may help to stop the spread of certain types of cancer. Milk thistles, however, have distinctive white veins on shiny deep green leaves and produce a milky liquid when damaged. This European native is now found throughout most of North America. Milk thistle is a plant also known as Artichaut Sauvage, Cardo Lechoso, Cardui Mariae, Carduus marianus, Chardon Argenté, Chardon de Marie, Épine Blanche, Holy Thistle, Lady's Thistle, Lait de Notre-Dame, Legalon, Marian Thistle, Mariendistel, Mary Thistle, Shui Fei Ji, Silibinin, Silybe de Marie, Silybum, Silymarin, and other names. Characteristics. The weed milk thistle, its spitting image, is common throughout North America, and both reseed readily. It may grow as a winter or summer annual or a biennial and propagates by seed. Because control is not required in the county, it is on the list of Non-Regulated Noxious Weeds for King County. Musk thistle (Carduus nutans) is easily distinguished from other thistles in the state by its silvery leaf margins, and absence of hairs or fuzz and large, nodding flower heads. Traditional milk thistle extract is made from the seeds, which contain approximately 4-6% silymarin. This plant is a part of the Mint family Lamiaceae. But a look-alike may be elbowing its way into this same spot! The roots of burdock (Arctium lappa) are a staple of some Asian cuisines. It is found from Maine south to Georgia and west to the Dakotas and Texas (but not … It is one It's ultra easy to grow, but there's a caveat. Uses and Values: Musk thistle seeds are eaten by songbirds. It has a noticeable citronella-like odor. California Thistle Cirsium occidentale var californicum is a Perennial herb native to the Santa Monica Mountains and endemic to California (i.e. Milk thistle is an annual, full-sun plant that germinates in late winter in our climate zone (Ag Zone 7b). found nowhere else). Blessed milk thistle is easy to identify by the creamy white veins that cover its foliage. Comparatively, Canada thistle is a perennial that reproduces through underground rhizomes and wind-blown seeds. Identifying thistles It's almost impossible to misidentify a thistle. Silymarin is a flavonoid believed to have antioxidant properties.Milk thistle is sold as an oral capsule, tablet, powder and liquid extract. It is native to Mediterranean countries. How to grow milk thistle from seed. Milk thistle is a sparsely branched thistle growing up to 6 feet tall with distinctively patterned green and white leaves. Description: Milk thistle or sowthistle is a common weed which grows annually. For example, it can help you fight viral infections which may be causing the problem, such as acute viral hepatitis. It’s been suggested that the antioxidant effects of silymarin may … The plant grows to be about 2 feet (0.61 m) to 4 feet (1.2 m) in height, and the leaves are arranged opposite, like with stinging nettle. For over 2,0000 years, Milk Thistle (Silybum marianum) has been used as an herbal remedy for digestive, liver, kidney, and gallbladder conditions. Public and private landowners are not required to control infestations of bull thistle that occur on their property in King County. In many places, milk thistle is considered to be extremely invasive. Common sowthistle is ranked as the 5th most difficult weed to control in winter crops. Swelling of Lips: The excessive intake of milk thistle can cause the swelling of lips. 2. The lips will be … Identify milk thistle via its pictures, habitat, height, flowers and leaves. It is a species of tallgrass prairies, pastures, old fields, roadsides, savannas and forest edge. Milk thistle is a plant named for the white veins on its large prickly leaves.One of the active ingredients in milk thistle is silymarin, which is extracted from the plant's seeds. Sowthistle uses stored soil water during fallows and interferes with crop harvest, adding green matter to harvested grain. Blessed milk thistle. People mainly use the supplement to treat liver conditions. Globe thistle is cold-hardy in USDA zones 3 to 8. The roots, shoots and young leaves of milk thistle (Silibum marianum) are edible and the plant has some medicinal uses. Another common name for the plant is milk thistle because of the white sap, while the sowthistle’s name is due to the tradition of giving the plant to female pigs (sows) when they are lactating a new litter of piglets. Each milk thistle flower contains dozens of seeds, which soon fall from the plant as the flower head matures, dries, and begins to turn brown. For more information, see Noxious Weed Lists and Laws or visit the website of the Washington State Noxious Weed Contr… Lactuca serriola. [7] The extract consists of about 65-80% silymarin (a flavonolignan complex) and 20-35% fatty acids, including linoleic acid. FIRST AID MEASURES Eye contact Flower Description Flowerheads are large and rounded, occurring at stem tips. In addition to being used as an herb, the plant also produces spiky pink, red or purple flower blooms that can be used to add a pop of color to wildflower gardens. A … Some people also call it Mary thistle and holy thistle. It's been used for over 2,000 years as a liver cleanser and tonic. The leaves are serrated and oval, and large. Milk thistle can help you fight the conditions leading to an enlarged liver. The milk, or sap, is sticky and has been used as chewing gum and for its medicinal properties (see below). COMPOSITION / INFORMATION INGREDIENTS Product Name CAS NO EC NO Concentration Milk Thistle Liquid Extract - Standardized N/A N/A 100 % 4. Identification –5. It is unlikely that you would find these thistles in densities that you would find the invasive thistles that grow in our mountains. The pith of second-year plants and roots of first-year plants are occa-sionally boiled and eaten. Globe thistle or milk thistle. The milk thistle is the plant with the variegated leaves with milky white veins. It can grow up to 2 metres tall and has yellow flowers and green stems and leaves. Other: Musk thistle is classified as a noxious weed throughout the region. Bull thistle can reach a height of 3 feet. known as milk thistle, is widespread across the grain-growing regions of Queensland and northern New South Wales. Bull thistle is a Class C Noxious Weed in Washington, first listed in 1988. Carduus Centaurea Cirsium Silybum Onopordum. It May Improve Cancer Treatment. Limits the spread of cancer. The active ingredient in milk thistle is silymarin, which can be extracted from the seeds of the plant. One of the easy-to-spot botanical differences between thistles and their numerous relatives in the daisy family, is that the overlapping bracts (involucre) found directly below the flowers of thistles, are always spiny. [9] Silibinin, a semipurified fraction of silymarin, is primarily a mix… When encountered in turf, bull thistle can be managed through regular mowing which prevents the plant from developing flowers. [8] Silymarin is a complex mixture of polyphenolic molecules, including seven closely related flavonolignans (silybin A, silybin B, isosilybin A, isosilybin B, silychristin, isosilychristin, silydianin) and one flavonoid (taxifolin). Milk thistle (silymarin) is a flowering herb related to the daisy and ragweed family. Milk thistle can be easily identified because the stems will leak a milky white sap when broken, hence the name. Poisoning: None Historical: In Eurasia, dried flowers have been used to curdle milk. Milk thistle: A tall thistle (Silybum marianum) having white-veined dark green leaves and large purple flower heads that is native to the Mediterranean region but has become naturalized elsewhere including the United States; also, an extract of milk thistle and especially its seeds that is held to protect the liver from damage or disease.” ~ Merriam-Webster Dictionary. •Onopordum acanthium. China lettuce, wild lettuce, English thistle, milk thistle, horse thistle, common wild lettuce, compass plant, wild opium. The specific name marianum is applied to several plants with white mottled leaves. Because it behaves much like a weed, it can quickly overtake other plants nearby. Identifying Milk Thistle Like most thistles, milk thistle flowers have purple petals extending from a bulb-shaped base. Picture and description for milk thistle or Silybum marianum, a noxious weed in King County, Washington State. 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